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Make a Battery from Potato

Introduction:

Batteries generate electricity through a chemical reaction between two different electrodes and one electrolyte. Use of Copper and Zinc electrodes and Sulfuric acid as electrolyte is a proven method for this process. We are wondering if we can use any other liquid as electrolyte? This gave us the idea of using a potato as electrolyte. After all a fresh potato has a lot of juice that may serve our purpose as electrolyte.

Problem:

Can Potato be used to generate electricity?

Hypothesis:

Potato juice contains many water soluble chemicals that may cause a chemical reaction with one or both of our electrodes. So we may get some electricity from that.

 

Material:

For this experiment we use:

  • A fresh potato
  • Copper Electrode
  • Zinc Electrode
  • A Digital or Analog Multimeter to measure Voltage or Current of produced electricity.
  • Alligator clips/ Leads

Procedure:

We insert copper and zinc electrodes in to the potato, close but not touching each other. We use Clip leads to connect our electrodes to the Multimeter to measure voltage between two electrodes or current passing through the multimeter. For this experiment we removed the shell of a broken AA battery for our Zinc electrode. (Make sure to test your multimeter by connecting it's Positive and Negative wires to each other that should show no current and no voltage).

 

 Record And Analyze Data:

A digital multimeter showed 1.2 volts between the electrodes, but the analog multimeter showed a much smaller value. In other words even though the voltage between electrodes is 1.2 Volts, the speed of production of electricity is not high enough for an analog multimeter to show the exact voltage. (Analog multimeter gets it's power from our potato to show the voltage, but digital Multimeter gets it's power from an internal battery and does not consume any of the electricity produced by our potato, that is why it shows a larger and more accurate value).
We repeated this experiment with some other fruits and all resulted almost the same. In all cases the produced voltage is between 1 and 1.5 volts, and in all cases they do not produce enough current to turn on a small light.
 Another thing that we learned from this experiment is that creating electricity and making a battery is easy, the main challenge is producing a battery that can continue to produce larger amount of electricity for larger amount of time.

 

  Make electricity science kit contains all material that you need in order to successfully experiment making electricity by a chemical reaction. Some chemicals are harmful and dangerous! that's why we recommend you to use household chemicals such as acetic acid (Vinegar), baking soda, fruits and fruit juice.

WARNING

This kit contains small and sharp objects. keep it out of reach of small children. Adult supervision is required.

The purpose of this science kit is to simplify the process of finding and purchasing material that you need for your experiments.

Analog Multimeter does NOT need battery in order to test voltage and current. You will need a battery to test the resistance.

 
 Miniature Socket

 
 Copper and Zinc
electrodes

 
Multi tester or
Multi meter

 
Base board 

 
Color Coded Leads

 
Screws

 
Alligator Clips

 
Insulated Wire

 
Miniature Bulb 1.2V

Warranty:
If any of the parts in this kit are defective, return it to us within 7 days from the date of purchase and we will repair or replace it for you at no charge.
 

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